Toward Cooperative Behavior Between Pragmatic Behaviorists and Marxist Behaviorists: Philosophical Action Considerations

Richard F. Rakos


Behaviorists interested in promoting social change are likely to identify primarily with one of two broadly defined social action philosophies, namely pragmatism (liberal, democratic reform) or Marxism/Socialism. This paper advances two arguments: (I) Behaviorism is compatible with many significant aspects of both philosophical approaches and can serve as the "umbrella philosophy," and (2) for behaviorists, a focus on the very real differences between the philosophies is currentlr not warranted on empirical grounds. Finally, concrete suggestions for cooperative behavior between pragmatic behaviorists and Marxist behaviorists are offered. 

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