First Monday https://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm <p><em>First Monday</em> is one of the first openly accessible, peer–reviewed journals solely devoted to resarch about the Internet. <em>First Monday</em> has published 1,930 papers in 287 issues, written by 2,720 different authors, over the past 23 years. No subscription fees, no submission fees, no advertisements, no fundraisers, no walls.</p> en-US <p>Authors retain copyright to their work published in <em>First Monday</em>. Please see the footer of each article for details.</p> ejv@uic.edu (Edward J. Valauskas) nrj@uic.edu (Nancy John) Fri, 01 May 2020 07:16:06 -0500 OJS 3.1.2.0 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Beyond cyberutopia and digital disenchantment https://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/10617 <p>In this introduction, we describe how this special issue looks at contemporary digital political practices. It highlights the pragmatic engagements employed by political movements and subjects as they negotiate infrastructural entanglements with visions of resistance, subversion, and survival. The contributions to the special issue are characteristic of such engagements that operate beyond the spectacles of cyberutopia and digital disenchantment. They opt instead to embody or subvert digital infrastructures and offer new political imaginaries and realities.</p> Mareile Kaufmann, Anna Leander, Nanna Bonde Thylstrup Copyright (c) 2020 First Monday https://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/10617 Wed, 15 Apr 2020 10:02:20 -0500 Embodying the Web, recoding gender: How feminists are shaping progressive politics in Latin America https://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/10129 <p>This work takes the ambiguity of engaging politically in a Web interwoven with power and gender asymmetries as a starting point to emphasize the heterogeneities and multiplicities of digital politics. We engage with the idea that technology intervenes on women’s’ bodies to analyze how digital activism is deeply connected to corporeality (Daniels, 2009), looking at the Brazilian #EleNão campaign on Facebook to emphasize how the embodiment of feminist struggles in commercial platforms unveils deeply embodied misogynistic dispositions in social media, and to latin-american feminist infrastructures as challenging such dispositions. We argue that transgressing gender norms involves both engaging with social networks and creating alternative forms of coding women’s bodies, and that, beyond the dichotomy of enchantment/disenchantment with contemporary Internet politics, it might be useful to simply stay with the trouble, embrace and recognize the complexities of the many possible Web activisms experienced in Latin America.</p> Luisa Cruz Lobato, Cristiana Gonzalez Copyright (c) 2020 First Monday https://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/10129 Fri, 17 Apr 2020 12:59:22 -0500 Resistance in a minor key https://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/10631 <p>This is the age of amplification. Being represented, heard, and rendered visible is the dominant and common approach to understanding both off-line and online feminist activism. As part of the amplified stage, digital platforms facilitate increased visibility. But the quiet resistance of those who do not take so readily to platforms is also mediated by the digital. This paper looks toward resistance that is quieter. It is resistance based on care, survival, and safety. In this article I ask: what does a digital activism look like that takes into account the ways in which people organize not just so that they can be heard, but so they can survive?</p> Rianka Singh Copyright (c) 2020 First Monday https://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/10631 Sat, 18 Apr 2020 16:24:19 -0500 Hacking surveillance https://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/10006 <p>With the rise of ‘Internet behemoths’ and the surveillance of increasingly personal domains there is a trend toward questioning life online. This paper draws attention to hacking practices that engage with the diverse faces of online veillance. Current debates about hacking surveillance are introduced. Instead of portraying hacking as a digital counterculture, the article complicates dichotomies of power vs. resistance, online vs. off-line, and technological system vs. social practice. Based on qualitative interviews, it introduces the diverse, dialogical and ambiguous hacking practices that answer online surveillance. The article suggests using the concept of dispute to capture these multiplicities and to understand the ‘orders of worth’ at stake in online environments. The small, continuous and constitutive dynamics of disputing online surveillance not only create political momentum, but call for a re-thinking of the totality of surveillance metaphors used today.</p> Mareile Kaufmann Copyright (c) 2020 First Monday https://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/10006 Tue, 21 Apr 2020 14:58:00 -0500 The management of visibility in digital diplomacy: Infrastructures and techniques https://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/10116 <p>The proliferation of new media has been hailed by academics and practitioners worldwide as a revolution in the conduct of international relations, with dialogical, reconciliatory, and democratizing potentials. Several years later, however, the evidence for such progressive potentialities is scarce. To better understand the actualized role of social media in international politics and deepen our understanding of the potentialities for progressive politics online, this article examines several examples of digital diplomacy initiatives by state and non-state actors. These examples highlight the growing political significance of online visibility management techniques — <em>i.e.</em>, the various techno-political interventions by which actors attempt to make their messages accessible on online platforms. While early citizen-driven initiatives, such as the ‘Israel-Loves-Iran’ Facebook campaign, focused on strategic <em>content</em> production as a means to enhance their online visibility, later initiatives, such as the public-private partnership ‘4IL’, directed their efforts towards <em>connectivity</em> manipulation using medium-specific techniques which contest the visibility of others. This article concludes by arguing that fulfilling the progressive potentialities of digital diplomacy in this political terrain would not only require complementing content production with an effective engagement with the visibility arrangements of the platforms, but also a critical analytics of techno-social inclusions and exclusions, which this dual task generates.</p> Alexei Tsinovoi Copyright (c) 2020 First Monday https://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/10116 Fri, 24 Apr 2020 09:13:24 -0500 Demoxie: Reflections on digital democracy in Dave Eggers' novel The Circle https://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/10650 <p><em>The Circle</em> is a novel written by the American author Dave Eggers (2013), and it tells the story about a powerful Internet company that works with highly developed surveillance technologies to monitor workers as well as the local and global community. In discussions and research this novel often has been seen in the tradition of a dystopic and totalitarian view of society as we know from Orwell’s <em>1984</em> or Huxleys <em>Brave New World</em>. However, this article critically investigates a vision of democracy that is suggested in <em>The Circle</em>. Circlers call this political model “demoxie”, which embraces the idea that everybody who has a Circle account is also a registered voter. That means, the voter directly votes on issues via his or her Internet platform (such as decisions on healthcare, company policies, as well as international politics issues). Based on this work of fiction as well as recent discussions about cyber democracy, this article opens up a discussion about the benefits and risks of Internet technologies and democracy.</p> Kathrin Maurer, Christian F. Rostbøll Copyright (c) 2020 First Monday https://journals.uic.edu/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/10650 Fri, 24 Apr 2020 20:49:25 -0500