Early Detection of Influenza Activity Using Syndromic Surveillance in Missouri

Fei Wu, Amy Kelsey


This study compared weekly percent of influenza-like illness (ILI) in Early Notification of Community-based Epidemics (ESSENCE) to weekly counts of laboratory confirmed influenza cases and evaluated the early warning potential of the ESSENCE weekly ILI percent for five consecutive influenza seasons (2006-11) in Missouri. ESSENCE weekly ILI percent was significantly correlated with weekly counts of laboratory-confirmed influenza cases. Use of the ESSENCE percent ILI baseline provided two weeks of advanced warning for seasonal influenza activity. These findings justify the use of ESSENCE for influenza surveillance.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.5210/ojphi.v5i1.4461

Online Journal of Public Health Informatics * ISSN 1947-2579 * http://ojphi.org